There are lots of web-based sources of information on wildlife sounds, this list does not even come close to covering them all - but here are some that I find useful - many of them contain their own links pages for onward connections. If you have one I should include (yours or another) please let me know

To get technical help and advice from other recordists:

The Yahoo! Nature recordists group is where I learned a lot of techniques:

This group grew from the above but is focused only on sounds:

Professional Recordists with their own sites:

Martyn Stewart is a US based professional recordist with a great site:

Bernie Krause is a US based guru of wild sound recording and has written several books:

Geoff Sample is a UK based professional and has produced several European bird sound guides:

Chris Watson is the leading BBC wildlife sound recordist:

Kevin Colver has produced several comprehensive US sound guides:

Lang Elliott has just started a new project:

Rob Danielson is a US academic with a great teaching site with all sorts of technical advice:

Clubs and Associations:

The UK Wildlife Sound Recording Society:

The US Nature Sounds Society:

The French Sonature:

The Australian Wildlife Sound Recording Group:

The Dutch Birding Association:

Collections etc useful as reference material:

The British Library Wildlife Sounds collection:

The Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology:

Two nice sites from N America which present sounds and analysis: and

Xeno-Canto a  project to collect all bird sounds from around the world:

A Belgian site:

A Finnish site:

Another Finnish site (with English):

A Norwegian site:

A good collection from Latvia:

The Bird Forum:

Switzerland and nearby:

One of the best websites I know:

Bird sounds of Bourgogne:

An Italian site:

A nice blog by an excellent Swiss recordist(e):

Other Interesting sites:

An anthropological approach:

Tawny Owls:

A discography:

Gianni Pavan is a Professor at the Universiti of Pavia, Italy, Centre for Interdisciplinary Bioacoustics and Env Research (CIBRA), he specialises in aquatic acoustics but with programmes in several areas, and has a website with good resources:

Mark Brennan is a Canadian landscape artist specialising in wild scenery, he has recently turned to sounds as an additional way to breing nature to people and keeps an interesting blog:

The London Sound Survey is an interesting project that contains both natural and anthropogenic sounds:

  • For a quick guide to other web-based resources scroll down or click here
  • For references used in the texts or to find further reading scroll down to the end or click here
  • For information on copyright click here


The texts below are referred to in the site and are sources for further reading on the topics:

Bossus, A. & Charron, F. (2004) Guide des chants d'oiseaux d'Europe occidentale. Delachaux et Niestlé. 239pp. 2CDs.
Catchpole, C.K., & Slater, P.J.B. (1995) Bird Song, biological themes and variations. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. 248pp.
Constantine, M., et al (2006) The sound approach to birding. Lush,Poole,Dorset. 192pp. 3Cds.
Cramp et al (1977 - 1994) Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa - the Birds of the Western Palearctic. Oxford University Press. [A 9 Vol multi-author work edited by Cramp and Cramp and Perrins.]
Dowsett-LeMaire, F. (1979) The imitative range of the song of the Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris, with special reference to imitations of African birds. Ibis, 121. 453-468.
Gorman, G. (2004) Woodpeckers of Europe. Bruce Colman. Bucks. 192pp.
Jansen,J.J.F.J & Nap,W (2008) Identification of White-headed Long-tailed Bushtit and occurrence in the Netherlands. Dutch Birding 30:293-308.
Krause, B. (2002) Wild Soundscapes. Wilderness Press, Berkeley. 168pp. 1CD
Kroodsma, D. (2005) The Singing Life of Birds. Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston & New York. 482pp. 1CD
Maumary, L., Valloton, L., & Knaus, P. (2007) Les Oiseaux de Suisse. Station ornothologique Suisse, Sempach, et Nos Oiseaux, Montmollin. 848pp.
Marler, P. & Slabbekoorn, H. (2004) Nature's Music. The Science of Birdsong. Elsevier, Academic Press. USA. 513pp. 2CDs
Mulhauser, B. (2003) Survival of the Hazel Grouse Bonasia bonasia rupestris in the Jura Mountains: between board and lodging. Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci.Nat 126/2: 55-70
Mulhauser, B.& Zimmermann, J-L (2003) Recognition of male Hazel Grouse  Bonasia bonasia by their song. Bull.Soc.Neuchâteloise Sci.Nat. 126/2:107-119
Norberg, R.A. (1978)
Skull Asymmetry, Ear Structure and Function, and Auditory Localization in Tengmalm's Owl, Aegolius funereus (Linne). Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 1978 vol. 282 no. 991 325-410
North, M. & Simms, E. (1958) Witherby's Sound Guide to British Birds. H.F.& G. Witherby Ltd. London. 104pp.
Sample, G (1996) Field Guide to Bird Songs and Calls of Britain and Northern Europe. 128pp. 2 CDs.
Sample, G (2003) Field Guide to Warbler Songs and Calls of Britain and Europe. Collins. 55pp. 3 CDs
Sample, G (2010)

Collins, Bird Songs and Calls. Harper Collins. London. 232pp.3CDs

Schmid,H.,Luder,R., Naef-Danzer,B., Graf,R., & Zbinden,N. (1998)

Atlas des oiseaux nicheurs de Suisse. Station ornothologique. Sempach. 574pp.

Voous, K.,and Cameron, A. (1988) Owls of the Northern Hemisphere. Collins. London. 320pp.

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